Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Ford Siyerra
- 1.2. Identification of the car
   1.3. Raising of the car
   1.4. Towage
   1.5. Combination of devices
   1.6. Cowl
   1.7. Start of the engine
   1.8. Lighting and alarm system
   1.9. Replacement of bulbs
   1.10. Ventilation and heating of salon
   1.11. Doors
   1.12. The hatch and a luggage carrier on a roof
   1.13. Seats and head restraints
   1.14. Mirrors
   1.15. Control bulb of fastening of seat belts
   1.16. Replacement of a wheel
+ 2. Maintenance
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment





1.8. Lighting and alarm system

GENERAL INFORMATION

Headlights

Installation of light of headlights

N – the adjustment screw in the horizontal plane,

V – the adjustment screw in the vertical plane

Installation of light of headlights it is necessary to check each 10 000 km of a run of the car.

Switch of external lighting

Provisions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and washer (LG) of a windshield

 
Provisions of the lever of the switch
external lighting:
0 – lighting is switched off,
1 – are included forward and back
marker lights,
2 – the driving or passing light, and also marker lights is turned on
LG – is included a windshield washer
Provisions of the lever of the switch of a screen wiper and washer of a windshield:
0 – the screen wiper is switched off,
N – work of a screen wiper with normal speed,
R – the accelerated work of a screen wiper,
I – faltering work of a screen wiper

Multipurpose switch

Provisions of the lever of the multipurpose switch

FR – turned on driving beam,
FC – turned on passing beam,
AL – is included a light signal,
CD – is switched on the right index of turn,
CG – is included the left index of turn,
AS – is included a sound signal

The lever of the multipurpose switch is located under a steering wheel on the left side and consists of the switch of indexes of turn and the switch of a type of light of headlights, and in some versions of equipment has also the button of a sound signal.

Movement of the lever of the multipurpose switch (see rice. Provisions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) parallel to a steering wheel inclusion of indexes of turn causes:

 – left (CG);
 – right (CD).

Indexes of turn are switched off automatically during returnable turn of a steering wheel to provision of the movement directly forward.

Inclusion of indexes of turn is accompanied by inclusion of a green control bulb with the same frequency from the relevant party of an instrument guard. In case of burn-out of one of bulbs the corresponding control bulb blinks with considerably bigger frequency, than indexes of turn.

When the lever of switching of external lighting is in situation 2 (see rice. Provisions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and washer (LG) of a windshield):

 – pushing away of the lever of the multipurpose switch from a steering wheel (FR, see rice. Provisions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) inclusion of driving beam causes; on an instrument guard the control bulb of turning on of high beam headlamps lights up;
 – movement of the lever of the multipurpose switch to a steering wheel (FC, see rice. Provisions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) inclusion of passing beam causes;
 – movement of the lever of the multipurpose switch against the stop in the direction of a steering wheel (AL, see rice. Provisions of the lever of the multipurpose switch) inclusion of driving beam causes; after an otpuskaniye the lever of the multipurpose switch comes back to the provision of inclusion of passing beam.

Back fog lamps

Back fog lamps join the switch, located on the left side of the forward panel over a side nozzle of system of ventilation. They burn only at the included headlights of passing beam. The control bulb of inclusion of back fog lamps is located about their switch, lights up at inclusion of headlights of passing beam and becomes brighter at inclusion of back fog lamps.

Sound signal

Inclusion buttons

1 – switch of back fog lamps,

2 – switch of heating of back glass

Depending on equipment the button of a sound signal is located in the middle of a steering wheel or on the multipurpose switch.

Switch of emergency fires

The button of the switch of emergency fires containing a control bulb of inclusion is located in the top part of a steering column. After its pressing all bulbs of indexes of turns burn.

Switch of a screen wiper and washer of a windshield

The lever of the switch of a screen wiper and washer of a windshield (EG, see rice. Provisions of levers of switches of external lighting (IT), and also screen wipers (EG) and a washer (LG) of a windshield) it is located on the right side under a steering wheel. The screen wiper and a washer of a windshield can be included if the key is in position II of the lock of ignition. Provisions of the lever of the switch of a screen wiper and a washer of a windshield can be the following:

 – About – the screen wiper is switched off;
 – N – work of a screen wiper with normal speed;
 – R – the accelerated work of a screen wiper;
 – I (in some versions of equipment) – the single movement of brushes of a screen wiper or faltering work of brushes, can be with an adjustable interval of frequency of work of brushes, under a tachometer there is a handle of adjustment of a programmator of faltering work of brushes of a screen wiper of a windshield;
 – LG – the button at an end face of the lever allows to include a windshield washer; if the car is equipped with washers of headlights, then they function along with a windshield washer provided that headlights of passing or driving beam are included.

Switch of a screen wiper and washer of back glass

The switch of a screen wiper and washer of back glass is located on the right side over the left nozzle of system of ventilation.

Installation of the switch includes a screen wiper of back glass in the first situation, and when keeping the switch in the second situation the washer (after removal of effort it comes back to the first situation) joins.

Tanks of washers of glasses

Tank of washers of glasses and headlights

The tank of washers of glasses (and headlights in some versions) is on the right side in a forward part of a motor compartment.

The manufacturer recommends use of the special structure for washers of Motorcraft glasses mixed with water in a proportion, the corresponding time of the year.

If the car is equipped with a screen wiper and a washer of back glass, then on the left side of a luggage carrier under a covering the washer reservoir of back glass which should be filled with the same structure, as a windshield washer reservoir is located.


Prevention

Some versions are equipped with a control bulb under average nozzles of system of ventilation which lights up when liquid level in a washer reservoir of a windshield is lower than minimum.


Adjustment of intensity of illumination of an instrument guard

The handle adjustment is located on the left side of the forward panel under a nozzle of system of ventilation and allows to regulate intensity of illumination of an instrument guard according to surrounding conditions.

Bulbs of illumination of salon

The forward bulb of illumination of salon is located between antisolar peaks, and a back bulb of illumination of salon – over back glass. Switches have three provisions:

 – inclusion of illumination of salon when opening forward doors;
 – switching off of illumination of salon;
 – constant inclusion of illumination of salon.

Bulb of internal illumination of the concentrated light

Some versions are equipped with the lamp directing a narrow beam of light to forward passenger sitting. The direction of a bunch of this concentrated light can be regulated in the small range.

Tachometer

Is present at some versions of equipment of the car.

Electric clock

The watch with the arrow dial located under average nozzles of system of ventilation is determined by pressing and rotation of their handle.
Some versions are equipped in addition for hours with a digital board which except usual function of informing on the current time can carry out a role of an alarm clock, the timer, and also to measure a period (for example, time in a way).

Module of graphic information

Display of the module of graphic information

and – doors are leaky closed,

b – danger of ice,

with – burn-out of a bulb or safety lock of a headlight or marker light,

d – burn-out of a bulb or safety lock of the alarm system of braking

The module of graphic information installed in some versions of cars is intended for visual control of serviceability of the separate elements connected with traffic safety. On the display of this module located on the left side of hours the schematic drawing of the car with the top view is represented (see rice. Display of the module of graphic information).

Fire of separate bulbs signals:

 – doors are leaky closed (and);
 – at the existing ambient temperature formation of ice (b) is possible – the yellow bulb designates temperature of +4 °C, the red bulb designates temperature not above 0 °C;
 – burn-out of a bulb of a headlight, lobbies or back marker lights or burn-out of the corresponding safety lock (c);
 – burn-out of a bulb of the alarm system of braking or corresponding safety lock (d).

After inclusion of ignition all control bulbs burn within 5 seconds. It allows to check whether one of them fused.

Ekonometr

The possibility of the current control of fuel consumption in the course of the movement and the prevention is provided in some versions of equipment of cars in case the expense exceeds norms of the economic movement. On an instrument guard two control bulbs are located:

 – yellow which lights up when fuel consumption exceeds minimum possible under these traffic conditions a little;
 – red which lights up when fuel consumption considerably exceeds minimum.

Multipurpose digital watch

Multipurpose hours

1 – the indicator of work of hours (blinks),
2 – counting of time (blinks),
3 – indicator of work of an alarm clock,
4 – buzzer,
5 – installation of time on arrow hours

Hours include:

 – arrow hours;
 – a digital board for the indication of work of hours and a chronometer, and also for the choice of the alarm system;
 – five light-emitting diodes specify the chosen function – date, a signal, a chronometer, the timer and hours;
 – programmable sound alarm system;
 – three buttons provide various operations of the choice, installation of time, programming and other functions.

The choice of five main functions is made one after another by consecutive pressing of the button 1 (see rice. Multipurpose hours). A full cycle to press the button of 6 times. At first the board induces hours and minutes, then, on the following impulse, minutes and seconds. The button 1 is used also for installation, shutdown and switching off of sounding of a signal of an alarm clock.

The button 2 is used for management of a chronometer and consistently gives the command for a stop of indications of a board for fixation of interval time (the accounting of real time proceeds), or again to switch to real time.

In function of the clock or a calendar the button 2 quickly leafs through indications for installation of hour or day.

As past tense she can subtract stop time from the general time.

The button 3 also as well as the button 2 serves for browsing of indications with its help but at a small speed.

As a chronometer this button stops or establishes a chronometer on zero.

As the timer the button 3 consistently establishes on zero board and then starts time counter.

Pressing the button 2, it is possible to exclude time of stops (during an engine stop, the contact is absent). It gives the chance rather just to calculate average speed at the distant trips interrupted by many and long stops.