Ford Sierra

1982-1993 of release

Repair and operation of the car



Ford Siyerra
+ 1.2. Identification of the car
- 2. Maintenance
   2.1. Engine
   2.2. Adjustment of gaps of valves
   2.3. Check and replacement of oil and oil filter
   2.4. Cooling liquid
   2.5. Radiator fan
   2.6. Fuel tank and jellied mouth
   + 2.7. Petrol engine
   2.8. Fuel system of diesel engines
   2.9. Coupling
   2.10. Mechanical transmission
   2.11. Automatic transmission
   2.12. Check of a condition of covers of hinges of driving half shafts
   2.13. Check of tightness of covers and condition of spherical hinges
   2.14. Check of a driving belt of the pump of the hydraulic booster
   2.15. Check of level of brake fluid
   2.16. Check of thickness of brake shoes
   2.17. Lever of the emergency brake
   2.18. Electric equipment
   2.19. Tires
   2.20. Operational liquids
+ 3. General data
+ 4. Engines
+ 5. Coupling
+ 6. Transmissions
+ 7. Driveshaft and back bridge
+ 8. Steering
+ 9. Suspension brackets
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. Body
+ 12. Electric equipment





2.3. Check and replacement of oil and oil filter

GENERAL INFORMATION

Check of level of oil in petrol engines

Oil level in the engine is recommended to check at least once a week.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To put the car on a horizontal surface and to wait at least several minutes after switching off of the engine until oil flows down in the oil pallet.
2. To take and wipe the index (J) of level of oil.
3. To insert the index against the stop into an opening in the block of cylinders of the engine, once again to take and read the oil level which has to be between the signs "min" and "max" on the index. Oil volume between the minimum and maximum levels makes 1 dm3.
4. In case of need it is necessary to fill amount of oil (oil for the engine of the same classes of quality and viscosity), without exceeding the maximum level.

Control bulb of the minimum level of oil

In some versions of equipment of the car on the forward panel (under average nozzles of system of ventilation) the control bulb which lights up if the level of oil approaches minimum is located. This bulb lights up after at least three minutes from the moment of a stop of the engine and inclusion of ignition.


Prevention

Indications of level of oil, both the index, and a control bulb, are not true if the car is located on an inclined surface.


In the cars equipped with a control bulb of the minimum level of oil it is necessary to take and insert carefully the index of level of oil not to damage the sensor of the minimum level of oil connected to this bulb.

Replacement of oil in petrol engines

Oil in the engine should be replaced each 10 000 km of a run and at least once a year.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To warm up the engine up to the normal working temperature.
2. To install the car on a horizontal surface.
3. To unscrew the stopper (V) discharge of oil placed in the oil pallet.
4. To wait until oil pours out in the substituted capacity (will not cease to drip) and to screw up a drain stopper.
5. To fill in new oil to the sign "max" on the index of level of oil.

Prevention

In case of use of the car in the conditions of strong dust content of air, frequent starts of the cold engine, driving on short distances, frequent driving with the trailer, etc. it is necessary to reduce time between replacements of oil and an oil filter.


Replacement of an oil filter in petrol engines

During each replacement of oil it is necessary to change an oil filter also.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew an oil filter.
2. To oil a sealant of the new filter.
3. To screw up a hand a new oil filter. After contact of a sealant of the filter with the condensed surface it is necessary to dovintit the filter case on 3/4 turns.
4. After filling in the engine of new oil to the max level it is necessary to start the engine and to check tightness of connection of the filter.

Control bulb of pressure of oil

The control bulb of pressure of oil located on an instrument guard lights up after inclusion of ignition and has to go out after start of the engine.

Switching off of a bulb means that oil pressure in the engine lubrication system within norm.

If after start of the engine the control bulb does not die away or will light up in operating time of the engine, then it is necessary to switch off immediately the engine as further work threatens with its serious damage.

It is necessary to check oil level in the oil pallet. If level normal, then it is necessary to check functioning of the lubrication system of the engine.


Prevention

It is impossible to continue the movement with the faulty lubrication system about which the burning control bulb of pressure of oil signals.


Check of level of oil in diesel engines

Oil level in the engine is recommended to check at least, once a week.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To install the car on a horizontal surface and to wait at least, several minutes after switching off of the engine until oil flows down in the oil pallet.
2. To take and wipe the index of level of oil (1), to insert it up to the end, once again to take and read oil level (2 – an oil filter, 3 – a maslozalivny mouth).
3. Level of oil has to be between the signs "MIN" and "MAX" on the index (1). The difference between the minimum and maximum levels makes 2 dm3.
4. In case of need it is necessary to fill amount of oil (engine oil of the same classes of quality and viscosity).

Replacement of oil in diesel engines

Oil in the engine should be replaced each 7 500 km of a run, but at least once in half a year.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To warm up the engine up to the normal working temperature.
2. To install the car on a horizontal surface.
3. To unscrew the oil discharge stopper placed in the oil pallet (it is specified by an arrow) and to wait until oil merges in the substituted capacity and will cease to drip. To screw up a drain stopper.
4. To fill in new oil of the required quality to the sign "MAX" on the index of level of oil.

Prevention

In case of use of the car in adverse conditions (frequent starts of the cold engine, driving on short distances, frequent driving with the trailer, strong dust content of air, etc.) the thicket should make oil replacement (and an oil filter).


Replacement of an oil filter in diesel engines

During each replacement of oil it is necessary to change an oil filter also.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew an oil filter (2).
2. To oil a sealant of the new filter.
3. To screw up a new oil filter. After contact of a sealant of the filter with a sealing surface it is necessary to dovintit the filter case on 3/4 turns.
4. After filling in the engine of new oil it is necessary to start the engine and to check tightness of connection of the filter.